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Alternatives to Animal Testing

Alternative Methods to Animal Testing

EDANA welcomes the use of alternative test methods to animal testing and our members support what is known as the “Three R’s” principle (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement of animal experiments)[1] in research. We are committed to continuing the development, validation and adoption of new test methods which will remove the need for animal tests.

Our members support research for fully validated alternative methods as long as specific legal or regulatory requirements are met. They will continue to work with scientists and regulators to ensure acceptance and implementation of scientifically valid alternative methods.

What is the current status?

  • EDANA members are active in the work on alternative methods to animal testing
    • Many EDANA members are part of the EPAA; a partnership between the European Commission, trade associations, and companies in various industries on alternative methods
    • Members use confirmative alternative methods which include in vitro tests such as cytotoxicity tests or on tests on human volunteers (skin testing, including human patch tests)
  • OECD, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, is the primary source of validated test methods on alternative approaches to animal testing
  • ISO, the International Standardisation Organisation, has addressed animal welfare related to standards on medical devices[2], and ISO members continuously update the standards in this area[3]
  • EDANA member companies do not perform animal testing unless there is a specific legal or regulatory requirement to do so
    • Countries and regions with such requirements include:
      • In the EU, several requirements[4] require this under specific regulations
      • In Brazil, there are some requirements for certain types of product registration
      • In the USA, certain requirements must be followed for medical devices (See for example US Pharmacopeia on


Future outlook

EDANA member companies will continue to put safe products on the market and support research and development to bring innovative products to consumers.

This includes a commitment to the ”Three Rs” Principle as demonstrated by members’ involvement in the OECD work.

The EU has promoted alternatives to animal testing, such as the ban on animal testing in the Cosmetic Products Regulation, and has been a source of inspiration for countries outside the EU. EDANA welcomes these developments.


More information

EU regulation and guidance

Global regulation and guidance

Other associations and networks


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