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Absorbent Hygiene Products

EDANA STATEMENT ON ANSES DIAPER REPORT

Manufacturers’ association reasserts safety of products

EDANA, the trade association representing most manufacturers of baby diapers in EMEA, today (23 January 2019) received notification of the study on diaper safety by the French government agency ANSES. The industry:

  • reassures parents that diapers remain safe for use and shares a mutual interest in product safety

  • reasserts its confidence in the existing stringent safety regulations and rigorous supply chain and manufacturing controls

  • is committed to constant and vigilant product testing and innovation targeting the reduction of unwanted trace compounds

read full statement


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1. What are Absorbent Hygiene Products


Absorbent hygiene products include baby diapers, feminine hygiene products (tampons, pads and napkins) and adult incontinence products.

Absorbent hygiene products have made an important contribution to the quality of life and skin health of millions of people through the benefits of softness, smoothness, leakage prevention, strength and protection provided by nonwovens fabrics.


1.1. Baby Diapers

Baby diapers are safely used every day by parents all over the world. Since single-use diapers were invented in the 1930s, they have constantly improved and become lighter over the years. Diapers are skin friendly options for your baby as they help keeping your child's skin dry. More information about baby diapers is available in the below infographic.

Diapers and Nappies

This infographic presents the different components used for the manufacturing of a diaper as well as the different parts composing the diaper, for a copy please download the Baby Diapers and Nappies infographic.  

1.2. Feminine hygiene products 

1.2.1. Pads, liners or tampons


Pads, liners and tampons are safely used by women all over the world, and are a popular choice for women during menstruation.

EDANA’s member companies include manufacturers of pads and tampons and companies who supply the raw materials. Over the years, EDANA has gathered much expertise and knowledge about the components of these products, how they are regulated and what advice women need about their use. This expertise falls under the umbrella of EDANA’s Absorbent Hygiene Working Group. 1.2.1 Pads & Napkins About your pad, liner or tampon (feminine care products)

Pads, liners and tampons are safely used by women all over the world, and are a popular choice for women during menstruation.

EDANA’s member companies include manufacturers of pads and tampons and companies who supply the raw materials. Over the years, EDANA has gathered much expertise and knowledge about the components of these products, how they are regulated and what advice women need about their use. This expertise falls under the umbrella of EDANA’s Absorbent Hygiene Working Group


How theyre made_Pads
This infographic and component table present the different components used for the manufacturing of a pad as well as the different parts composing a pad, for a copy please download:
the Pads & Napkins infographic
the 
Absorbent Hygiene Products components Pad/Liners
Common nomenclature_AHP_Pads-liners image


1.2.2. Tampons

Tampons how theyre made This infographic and component table present the different components used for the manufacturing of a pad as well as the different parts composing a pad, for a copy please download:
the Tampon infographic
the 
Absorbent Hygiene Products components Tampon
Common nomenclature_AHP_Tampons image


1.2.2.1. Safety and labelling of tampons

Tampons have a long history of use across the globe, with millions of products in safe daily use. 

Tampons are made of well-proven materials that are also used in a variety of other everyday products which have proven safety profiles. The raw materials are carefully selected for the highest quality and undergo extensive safety evaluation to ensure a lack of harmful effects and good tolerability before they are approved and used during manufacturing. In order to deliver a safe product, tampons are made under high quality production control standards including a series of checks and tests based on company quality assurance systems and user monitoring programmes.

Within the European Union tampons must comply with the General Product Safety Directive that holds manufacturers responsible for providing consumers with products that are safe to use. You can read more about the legal requirements and the voluntary guidelines applied in the industry in EDANA’s Safety and Regulatory Supply Chain Information for Absorbent Hygiene Care Products Dec.2016

In addition, tampon manufacturers in Europe follow the EU Tampons Code of Practice, or a national equivalent. The Code of Practice was published to harmonise relevant consumer information in all EU countries, irrespective of the tampon brand used. Key elements of the Code of Practice include information and advice on correct tampon use, information about Toxic Shock Syndrome, a standardised test method to ensure the absorbency ratings are consistent across all manufacturers/brands and a droplet system that categorises the absorbency of tampons into six classes. To ensure safe use of the product, manufacturers recommend reading the detailed instructions inside the packaging, as well as information on the packaging itself.

1.2.2.2. Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a rare and serious, potentially life threatening illness that can affect men, women and children of any age. It is estimated that about half of TSS cases are related to menstruation, and the research on TSS has not reached any precise conclusions on the link between TSS and tampons use. 

Some studies have suggested that there is a link with absorbency of tampons and it is therefore important that women choose the tampons with the lowest absorbency to suit their menstrual flow.
With early diagnosis, toxic shock syndrome can be successfully treated. Sadly, however, out of the small number of people who fall ill each year, 2-3 people die from TSS. It is important to remember that if TSS is diagnosed and treated early, there is a good chance of recovery.

Symptoms of TSS can include a sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, dizziness and/or a sunburn-like rash.

In case you or anyone you know experience any symptoms of TSS, please seek medical attention immediately. If you are wearing a tampon, remove it immediately and inform your doctor that you are menstruating. 

You can find more detailed information about TSS on the websites below:
• UK National Health Service http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Toxic-shock-syndrome/Pages/Introduction.aspx
• FAQs from the Toxic Shock Syndrome Information Service http://www.toxicshock.com/tssfacts/faqs.cfm

2. Nonwovens: The key to an effective and efficient AHP

Nonwovens are used in baby diapers, feminine hygiene products and incontinence products as:
  • Top sheet or coverstock
  • Leg cuff
  • Acquisition / distribution layer
  • Core wrap
  • Back sheet
  • Stretch ears
  • Landing zone
  • Dusting layer
  • Fastening systems
 

 






 

The advantages of using nonwovens instead of traditional textiles:

  • Excellent absorption
  • Softness
  • Smoothness
  • Stretchability
  • Comfort and fit
  • Strength
  • Double fluid barrier effect allowing moisture to be absorbed and retained
  • Good uniformity
  • High strength and elasticity
  • Good strike through, wet back and run off
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Stability and tear resistance
  • Opacity / stain hiding power
  • High breathability
Companies supplying products or services related to absorbent hygiene products


Main technologies used:


3. Other components of absorbent hygiene products

EDANA | Avenue Herrmann Debroux 46-B-1160 Brussels, Belgium | Tel: +32 2 734 93 10