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Biodegradability of viscose

The October 2018 EDANA revised statement on the biodegradability of regenerated cellulose

Executive summary: 

There is no justification to ban viscose and lyocell fibres from flushable wipes. This is supported by the following arguments:

  • Viscose and lyocell are not synthetic petrochemical based polymers. Viscose and lyocell are made of wood pulp and consist of the same natural polymer one finds in natural cellulose (cotton). Cellulose is a major component of plant/tree biomass and is the most abundant natural polymer produced by nature. Cellulose is omnipresent and can be found in most organisms. Therefore, its recycling in nature by biodegradation is indispensable for the carbon cycle.
  • The biodegradability of viscose and lyocell fibres in relevant environments (waste water treatment plants, composting, land fill, soil, sea water etc.) is demonstrated by international standards and certified by international certification organizations such as VINCOTTE or DIN CERTCO.
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